The classroom environment is one of the most important factors affecting student learning. Learning should always be fun, engaging, interactive, and effective. One of the aspects of learning which has created an impact in classrooms is cooperative learning. Cooperative learning is a technique that allows students to learn from each other and gain important interpersonal skills. This learning is a teaching strategy used to promote a variety of activities and skills to small groups of students in order to improve comprehension.
The Manthan School, best play school in Noida Extension, has integrated a cooperative learning approach in the school curriculum to boost the learning experience in which students collaborate together in small groups in order to achieve a task or complete a goal given by the educator. Students are given a task or an assignment, and they work together to accomplish the task in which each student has responsibilities and is held accountable for aiding in the completion of the assignment. Therefore, success is dependent on the work of everyone in the group.
Types of Cooperative Learning
Cooperative learning is a teaching strategy that involves students working together in groups to achieve a common goal. This approach has been shown to enhance student learning and engagement, as well as foster positive social skills and attitudes toward learning. There are different types of cooperative learning, each with its own characteristics and benefits. Here are the three main types of cooperative learning:
Informal Cooperative Learning:
This type of cooperative learning involves students working together in small groups to complete a task or solve a problem. The teacher may assign roles within the group or allow students to choose their own roles. Informal cooperative learning may be used for short-term projects or as a warm-up activity at the beginning of class.
Formal Cooperative Learning:
Formal cooperative learning involves structured and planned activities that require students to work together to achieve a common goal. It usually requires a longer period of time and may involve multiple class sessions. The teacher typically assigns roles within the group and provides specific instructions for each task.
Base Group Cooperative Learning:
Base group cooperative learning involves students working in long-term groups for an entire academic year or semester. These groups are usually composed of four to six students and remain consistent throughout the year. The teacher may assign roles within the group or allow students to choose their own roles. Base group cooperative learning is often used in subject areas such as science, social studies, and language arts.
Each type of cooperative learning has its own benefits. The informal type allows for quick and easy group work, promoting teamwork and communication skills. The formal type helps students develop critical thinking skills and learn how to collaborate effectively. Base group cooperative learning promotes social skills, as students have the opportunity to form lasting friendships and work together over an extended period of time.
Incorporating different types of cooperative learning into the classroom can help students develop social skills, improve academic achievement, and enhance their overall learning experience. Teachers can select the type of cooperative learning that best fits their student’s needs and learning goals, and adjust the approach as necessary to ensure that all students are fully engaged and learning effectively.
Some of the benefits of teaching cooperative learning to students are:
- Higher achievement.
- Increased retention.
- More positive relationships and a wider circle of friends.
- Greater intrinsic motivation.
- Higher self-esteem.
- Greater social support.
- More on-task behavior.
- Better attitude toward teachers.
- Better attitude toward school.
Cooperative learning is one of the most successful approaches to facilitating learning in schools. The Manthan School is one of the best schools in Greater Noida West that aims to provide education that focuses on the holistic development of a child and fosters him/her to become a good human being, a life- long learner, and a future leader.